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Dorothea Dix: Superintendent of Civil War Nurses

Civil War Nurses

While the Founding Mother of professional nursing, Florence Nightingale, whose birthday is the midpoint of National Nurses Week, was laboring in the Crimean War and establishing her nursing school in London, trouble was brewing the United States. As in Britain, it would be war to move forward nursing as a profession. The recognition of nursing […]

Sarah Hale’s Letter and Lincoln’s Thanksgiving Proclamation

Letter-SarahHaletoLincoln

In October, 1863, Sarah J. Hale’s fifteen year effort to have the last Thursday of November become a nationally recognized day of Thanksgiving became a reality when, in the midst of the Civil War, Lincoln issued a proclamation in response to Ms. Hale’s letter.  Ms. Hale is often referred to as the Godmother of Thanksgiving. […]

US Constitution’s Thirteenth Amendment: Legal Abolition of Slavery

Proclamation featuring Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 freeing many slaves. Its scope was limited and its true legality unclear.  Lincoln had freed the slaves in areas of rebellion with an executive order. His constitutional authority to do this was unclear.   For slavery to be abolished with certainty in the United States, a constitutional amendment was needed. […]