Principles of Criminal Liability

A crime has been charged. The defendant pleads not guilty. What must the government prosecutor prove? Why? There are basic principles underlying the prosecution of a crime. A crime is composed of elements. These elements include a mental state, prohibited action and lack of legal justification. Each of these elements must be proven by the […]

The Law of Negligence

Criminal law punishes people for actions that harm all of society. Tort law protects private rights from injuries to individuals. This area of law is also often referred to as personal injury law. A tort is an act that causes harm to another and is either intentional or negligent. Tort claims are based on the […]

The Basic Steps in a Civil Lawsuit: Civil Law Process

Thanks to television dramas and criminal trial news coverage criminal law procedure is familiar to many. How a civil lawsuit proceeds is less well known. Here we are going to learn more about the process and purpose of civil and criminal law differ.  In a criminal case, the government seeks to impose penalties upon an […]