In Print and Kindle Creating the Declaration Of Independence

Pneumonia, Senior Citizens and President Pence or President Kaine

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At the time of his inauguration, the ninth US President, William Henry Harrison was 68 years, 23 days old.  He was the oldest person to assume the office.   On March 4. 1841 Harrison’s Inaugural Address, at 8,445 words, taking one hour and 45 minutes remains the longest in history. Harrison’s service as president, which ended […]

Constitutional Sound Bites for the Ear and On the Air

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Different people learn in different ways.  Many like to listen or watch video rather than simply read.  This page features constitutional concepts for the ear, and interviews with constitutional stories and the background of the books Constitutional Sound Bites and Cápsulas Informativas Constitucionales.  Both the English edition and the Spanish edition in print and as Kindle eBooks  are […]

How A Bill Becomes a Law: Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution

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The Constitution’s Article I, Section 7 defines the process by which the federal government passes laws. Section 7 opens with the Origination Clause which requires “Bills for raising Revenue” to originate in the House of Representatives. The second clause and third clauses are known as both the “Presentment Clause” and “Lawmaking Clause”. The Presentment Clause is […]

Constitutional Sound Bites: Information for Educators

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Many states are either updating or passing new laws regarding civics education for their K-12 students.  For example, Illinois’ new civics graduation requirement goes into effect for incoming 2016-17 high school freshman and South Carolina’s new law specifically requires study of America’s Founding Principles and Documents.  The renewed interest in formally educating American students on […]

Donald Trump, Khizr Khan, the Constitution and Declaration of Independence

David McCulloch Quote

It is one thing to carry the Constitution in your pocket, or have a Constitution app on your smart phone.  It is another thing to read it. It is yet another to study and understand the source of the Constitution’s philosophy, principles and purposes. While a pocket Constitution has become central to a presidential campaign […]

Book Review: Igniting the America Revolution, 1773-1775

Paul Revere’s famous ride[1] on April 18, 1775, roused the Minute Men and eventually by the evening of April 19th 3,716 enrolled militia would engage 1,934 British troops in the first military encounter of the American  Revolution.  The “shot heard round the world” [2] was much more than a single shot. “The best estimate of […]

Consider State Constitutions When the Supreme Court Fails

Official Portrait of Justice Sonia Sotomayor

The United States Supreme Court, in Utah v. Strieff , continued on its course of ominously undermining Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable searches and seizures by limiting the application of the exclusionary rule.[1]  The result is an invitation for police to randomly and unreasonably arrest[2] citizens without the Fourth Amendment’s requirement of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment directly […]

Tenth Amendment and Nursing Equals The Most Respected Profession

Tenth Amendment

The United States Constitution has many 21st century impacts on our daily lives that are almost never thought about.  At a time of growing federal regulation of our lives, there remain areas of life where the 10th Amendment, reserving power to the states is alive and well. The nursing profession is among them. Due to […]

ADDA ELDRIDGE: FOUNDING MOTHER OF ILLINOIS PROFESSIONAL NURSING

Adda Eldredge, Founding Mother

The story of Adda Eldredge, Founding Mother of Illinois Professional Nursing does not include battlefields or the hospitals near them, like the stories of Florence Nightingale, Dorothea Dix or Mary Ann Bickerdyke.  Her work to professionalize nursing was in the political arena. Their success is astonishing when one considers for a moment that when she […]

Mother Bickerdyke: A Nurse Among Generals

Mary Ann "Mother Bickedyke" Plaque

During the early 1860’s Florence Nightingale was getting the world’s first professional nursing school started in London. In the United States, in 1861, Dorothea Dix was appointed Superintendent of the Union Nurses serving in the Civil War. Ms. Dix set strict standards for her nurses to overcome social stigmas surrounding the presence of women in […]